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 [EUTW Book Series IV] The Mutual Exercises of European Union Soft and Hard Power

[EUTW Book Series IV] The Mutual Exercises of European Union Soft and Hard Power
Publication Date / 2013-05-13
Authoring information /
EUTW Book series Chief Editor of the Series: Hungdah Su Chief Editor of the Book: Chiu-ching Kuo Contributors: Ching Chen, Chih-chung Wu, Yu-tai Tsai, San-yi Yang, Jen-der Lue, Ting-wen Hsu, Chung-heng Shen, Yo-ming Wu, Li Lin
 Content Description:
Introduction: After encountering impacts resulting from economic globalization and a technological revolution in the 1980s, Europe formed the European Union (EU), creating a single European market and transforming European societies. To date, Europeans do not fear the rise or development of their neighboring countries, because all European countries are closely linked through laws and regulations, pursuing wellbeing and freedom in their exchanges. Furthermore, Europeans believe that people should act in accordance with international laws, and that legal systems are the means to ensuring peace and democratic order. In 2012, the EU received a Nobel Peace Prize for its contribution in advocating peace for over six decades. This distinction is worthy of great respect. Generally, European nations do not tend to transform other countries through aggressive or invasive approaches; instead, they prefer to adopt the EU foreign policy, providing economic and technical support, and participating in international peacekeeping operations, crisis management, and humanitarian aid. The EU has achieved international influence with this approach. However, the EU differs from general international organizations in its international influence. For example, because the EU is a community of democracies, Greece, the Czech Republic, and Romania had to implement constitutional democracies to join. Poland included the protection of ethnic minorities in the Constitution of Poland in its effort to join the EU. To ease its relationship with the neighboring EU, Russia signed the Kyoto Protocol, accepting international regulations regarding environmental protection. Moreover, among all international organizations, the EU was the only organization that successfully implemented a democracy promotion project. This success is exemplified by the adoption of democracy by certain Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) countries after the European Commission proposed relevant membership conditions and requirements. When communism collapsed in CEE, the CEE countries evaluated the major detriments (e.g., EU trade, investments, and economic support) to being outside of the EU. Consequently, several CEE countries agreed to abide by the requirements of the European Commission, implementing parliamentary democracies and market economies. This demonstrated that the EU is a normative power. The non-coercive power exhibited by the EU (e.g., promoting concepts, justifying knowledge and laws, and providing economic support internationally) deserves recognition. This conduct is referred to as the EU’s soft power. However, our views regarding global societies are based primarily on American sources, which do not necessarily reveal the full extent of the EU’s soft power. This book was edited based on that consideration. Scholars were invited to compile relevant topics; however, because of the limited length of this book, several germane issues may have been overlooked. The book was compiled following an article assessment by two scholars at an academic seminar and anonymous reviews by two additional scholars appointed through letters from the European Union Centre in Taiwan (EUTW). Following revisions and finalization, the book was approved in an editorial board meeting before being submitted for publication. This book could not have been completed without assistance. I would like to express my gratitude to the former Vice President of the National Taiwan University, Tzong-ho Bau; the Director of the EUTW, Hungdah Su; and the master’s students from the Graduate Institute of European Studies at Tamkang University. Finally, I would like to thank the National Taiwan University Press for publishing this book. Contents: The Soft and Hard Measures of the European Soft Power Projection and Its Legal Basis Ching Chen The EU Security and Foreign Policy-From the Paris Treaty to the Lisbon Treaty Chih-chung Wu The Foreign Policy of the EU and Its Soft Power Assessment Yu-tai Tsai European External Actions: Civilian Balance and Europeanization San-yi Yang Open Method of Coordination and Governance of Multinational Social Policy: The Parental Leave Directive of the European Union Jen-der Lue & Ting-wen Hsu Language Learning Policy and Cultural Soft Power: The Case of European Union Chung-heng Shen A Research of European Union's Regulations on Genetically Modified Crops and Products Yo-ming Wu The Impact of the European Integration on the National Consciousness Li Lin

 
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